Treatments for Blood Clot Located Within Deep Vein
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition caused by the formation of a blood clot located within a deep vein. DVT typically occurs in the thigh or lower leg but has been known to occur in other parts of the body as well. If left undiagnosed and untreated, DVT can cause severe damage to other blood vessels and internal organs and put an individual at high risk for death. Depending on the severity and location of their specific clot, patients diagnosed with DVT may be treated with one of the three following procedures: Thrombolysis, Thrombectomy, or Venoplasty.
At Arizona Vein and Laser Institute, We Offer All Three Treatments to Patients in Phoenix, Glendale, Chandler, and Surrounding Regions
For small blood clots, patients are prescribed blood thinners. For larger, more severe clotting, one of the three following methods may be used to treat DVT.
Thrombolysis is a procedure that helps to dissolve dangerous blockages in blood vessels through drugs administered via IV injection, preventing damage to tissues and organs.
Larger and more severe blood clots must often be surgically removed to fully restore circulation and prevent further damage to surrounding tissues and organs.
A Venoplasty is a procedure that uses an inflatable balloon to widen veins and improve blood flow, thus alleviating the blockage caused by a blood clot. Often, a stent is used in tandem with a Venoplasty.
What Causes DVT?
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is caused by a blood clot in a deep vein, usually in the leg. A DVT blood clot can be caused by a number of factors, most notably: pregnancy, obesity, smoking, a broken bone near a major vein, and a prolonged sedentary lifestyle. DVT is often difficult to identify and diagnose, due to its symptomatic similarities with a host of other conditions.
What Are Common Symptoms?
- Swelling in the lower extremities, usually on a single side
- Cramping, usually beginning in the calf
- Severe and sudden pain in the foot or ankle
- Increased warmth in a localized area of the skin
- A reddish or bluish color change to a localized area of the skin
If you are suffering from any of the above symptoms and believe that you may have DVT, it is important to meet with a medical professional as soon as possible. The longer DVT is left undiagnosed and untreated, the greater an individual’s risk for organ damage and untimely death. At Arizona Vein and Laser Institute, we offer comprehensive diagnosis and treatment procedures for patients suffering from DVT in all areas of the body.
We typically diagnose DVT by performing a physical examination during which a patient will be asked questions about his or her medical history. A pain-free ultrasound will then be performed to detect the presence of blood clots. We may also recommend venography, a procedure where dye is injected into the body to better identify blood clots.